Females on average earn 22 % less than males
Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in 2020 the average gross hourly earnings of females were 22.3 % smaller than those of males. During the last two years the gap between the average gross hourly earnings of females and males has risen by 2.7 percentage points.
The gap in earnings of males and females is affected by various social and economic factors – the number of males and females in the certain sector, their occupation and position, education acquired, age, service increment, number of hours worked and other reasons. The indicator is calculated without excluding the effect of these factors, which might explain the reasons for the gap.
In 2020 the largest unadjusted gender pay gap was observed in financial and insurance activities, where males per hour earned on average 35.1 % more than females.
* All activities, except for agriculture, forestry, fishing and public administration, based on Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev. 2).
In 2020, earnings of females working full-time were 24.6 % lower than those of males, while gender pay gap between males and females working part-time was smaller – 17.3 %.
Average gender pay gap in private sector was slightly higher than in public sector – 20.9 % and 18.4 %, respectively.
Last year the smallest unadjusted gender pay gap was recorded in the age group aged below 25 years (11.8 %) and over 65 years (13.1 %), while the largest was observed in age group 35–44 years, where remuneration of females was 23.8 % lower than that of males, as well as among 25–34 years old employees (21.2 %).
Unadjusted gender pay gap by age group
(as per cent)
Age group, years
In the European Union females earn 14.1 % less than males
In 2019, the EU average unadjusted gender pay gap constituted 14.1 %. The largest gap was recorded in Estonia where females earned 21.7 % less than males and in Latvia (21.2 %).
*Ireland and Greece – data of 2018.
Unadjusted gender pay gap is one of the EU sustainable development indicators calculated based on the Eurostat methodology and used for international comparisons. The indicator is used to monitor progress towards the gender equality.
CSB is also publishing gender pay gap in monthly earnings that is an indicator used for annual comparisons of earnings received by both genders in Latvia. This indicator differs from the unadjusted gender pay gap in terms of both calculation methodology and target population.