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Official statistics of Latvia
Official Statistics Portal of Latvia
Press release

Gross energy consumption has fallen by 6.1 %

Provisional data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in 2020 gross energy consumption1 in Latvia comprised 185 petajoules (PJ), which is 6.1 % less than in 2019.

Amount of electricity produced in hydro, wind and solar power plants up by 23 %

Compared to 2019, in 2020 primary electricity production2 rose by 23 % or 1.8 PJ – in hydro power plants by 23.5 %, in solar power plants by 54.5 % (6 TJ) and in wind power plants by 82 TJ (14.8 %). In total in hydro power plants, wind power plants and solar micro-generators produced 2 785 GWh, respectively 2 603 GWh, 177 GWh and 5 GWh.

Share of natural gas in gross energy consumption is reducing, but of renewables – is growing

Over the recent years, the structure of gross energy consumption has changed – as the share of natural gas is declining and the proportion of renewables is growing. Over the past ten years (from 2011 to 2020), the share of natural gas consumption has gone down by 29.3 % or 15.8 PJ and its share has dropped by 8.7 percentage points. In 2020 the share of natural gas was 20.6 %, but of renewables – 37.5 %. In 2020, the share of oil products in the gross energy consumption accounted for 32.7 %, while the share of other energy resources constituted 9.2 %. At the same time, share of firewood consumption grew by 6.9 percentage points over the past decade, constituting 32.4 % last year. In 2020, compared to a year before, the volume of wood chips produced went down by 1.7 PJ (5.7 %), but the amount of of pelleted wood rose by 1 PJ (2.5 %), and exports of pelleted wood increased by 1.3 PJ or 3.3 %.

As the gross consumption of renewables is increasing, Latvia is reaching its strategic objective regarding use of renewable energy resources aiming at reaching 40 % of the energy produced from renewables in the gross final energy consumption until 2020. Latvia has the fifth highest share of renewables in the final energy consumption in the European Union (EU); in 2019(ES) the indicator constituted 40.97 % (EU average 18.9 %). The EU Member States shall ensure that until 2020 the share of renewables consumed in transport sector is 10 %. In 2019, Latvian share of renewables in transport constituted 5.1 % and EU average 8.9 %.

Last year the share of oil products in transformation sector increased in the production of heat

In 2020, 47.9 PJ of energy resources were consumed and 37.6 PJ of energy were produced in transformation sector3 (of which 27 PJ of heat and 10.6 PJ of electricity), which is 13.8 % less compared to 2019. Mainly fossil fuels are used in the production of heat and electricity in Latvia – natural gas, share of which is gradually decreasing in transformation sector: in 2010 – 81 %, in 2019 – 55.6 % and in 2020 – 49.5 %. Over the past five years, the share of renewables consumed in transformation sector has risen by 10.7 percentage points reaching 50.2 % in 2020. This is a significant indicator bearing in mind that the renewables used in transformation sector are local resources: firewood, biogas, and other biomass. Consumption of energy resources in transformation sector, compared to 2019, has increased of oil products by 9 TJ, but reduced of natural gas (of 7.8 PJ), solid fuels (0.1 PJ), firewood (1 PJ).

* coal, peat, peat briquettes, coke
** landfill gas, sewage sludge gas, other biogas

In 2020 gross energy consumption comprised 167 PJ, which is 4.6 % less than in 2019. Over the past ten years, no notable changes were recorded in the final energy consumption. Last year, households consuming 48.2 PJ (28.9 % of final consumption) of the energy resources, transport sector (47.1 PJ or 28.2 %) and industry (39.4 PJ or 23.6 %) were the largest consumers of energy sources. Compared to 2019, last year increase in final consumption of energy resources was recorded in manufacture of wood and products of wood (of 2.8 %), whereas decline was registered for other consumers (2.5 %). Due to restrictions imposed because of COVID-19, a more significant reduction in final consumption of energy resources in transportation of passengers and freights was recorded in transport sector – of 6.9 PJ or 12.8 %.

Consumption of oil products in transport sector down by 14 %

Over the past five years, consumption of energy resources in transport sector has gone down by 2.7 PJ (5.4 %) and comprised 47.1 PJ in 2020. The sector takes approximately one third of the Latvian consumption of energy resources and almost fully is based on oil imports, as the share of electricity and biofuel in the sector is comparatively small. Diesel oil is the main energy resource used in the transport sector, and the share thereof constituted 69.3 % in 2020. In 2020, compared to 2019, consumption of diesel fuel in transport reduced by 2.4 PJ or 6.9 %. During the recent years, significant increase in the share of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) consumed in transport sector may be observed. In 2011, the indicator constituted 1.2 PJ, whereas in 2020 – 1.8 PJ. Share of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) consumed has dropped by 0.2 PJ or 9.6 %.

Over the past five years, consumption of motor petrol in transport sector declined by 16 %, reaching 7 PJ in 2020, which is 3.8 % less than in 2019. In 2020 energy consumption in transport sector comprised 339 TJ, which is 6.6 % less than in 2019 (363 TJ). 

Last year, compared to 2019, energy consumption reduced in railway transport and pipeline transport, respectively, by 18 TJ or 7.4 % and 8 TJ or 34.8 %. Energy consumption in road transport increased by 2 TJ or 2.1 %.

Major consumption of energy resources in industry was in manufacture of products of wood

Over the past five years, consumption of energy resources in industry has gone up by 5.6 PJ or 16.3 %, and comparison with 2019 shows an increase of 1.3 PJ or 3.3 %, comprising 39.6 PJ in 2020. In 2020, the greatest consumption of energy resources was recorded in manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork – 21.2 PJ or 53.7% of the final energy consumption in industry. During the last five years, consumption of oil products in industry has went up by 9.3 %. In 2020 energy consumption in mining and quarrying comprised 0.7 PJ, which is 75 % more than in 2019 (0.4 PJ).

* coal, peat, peat briquettes, coke
**charcoal, straw, other biomass, biogas, biofuel, waste tyres, municipal waste for burning.

Downtime and remote work increased consumption of electricity in households

In 2020 energy consumption in households comprised 48.2 PJ, which is 3.1 % less than in 2019. Structure of energy resource consumption in households has not changed notably over the recent years – firewood is the most commonly used energy resource. Compared to 2019, consumption of natural gas in households has dropped by 49 TJ (1.1 %). In turn, compared to 2019, consumption of electricity in households increased by 366 TJ or 6.2 %, which was affected by restrictions imposed by Covid-19 – remote work and downtime.

Methodological explanations

1Gross consumption of energy resources includes consumption of energy resources in heat and electricity production sector (transformation sector), and final consumption, which includes all sectors of national economy, as well as households.

2Primary electricity production covers production of electricity in hydro power plants, wind power plants, solar power plants and by solar micro-generators.

3 Transformation sector includes the volume of energy resources consumed for production and sale of electricity and heat.

Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail:
media@csp.gov.lv
Phone: +371 27880666

More information on data:
Sintija Ancāne
Environment and Energy Statistics Section
E-mail: Sintija.Ancane@csp.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366956

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